Contract Formation | Cases

Offer

Offer vs Invitation to Treat

Gibson v Manchester City Council [1979] 1 WLR 294

Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain v Boots Cash Chemists (Southern) Ltd [1953] 1 QB 401

Partridge v Crittenden [1968] 1 WLR 1204

Spencer v Harding (1870) LR 5 CP 561

Offers of Unilateral Contracts

Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co [1893] 1 QB 256 Important

Harvela v Royal Trust [1986] AC 207 Important

Blackpool & Fylde Aero Club Ltd v Blackpool BC [1990] 3 All ER 25 Important

Acceptance

Acceptance by Conduct

Brogden v Metropolitan Railway Co (1877) 2 App Cas 666 Important

Method of Acceptance

Manchester Diocesan Council for Education v Commercial and General Investments Ltd [1969] 3 All ER 1593

Counter-Offer

Hyde v Wrench (1840) 3 Beav. 334

Battle of Forms

Butler Machine Tool Co Ltd v Ex-Cell-O Corporation (England) Ltd [1979] 1 WLR 401

Postal Acceptance Rule

Adams v Lindsell (1818) 1 B & Ald. 681 Important

Dunlop v Higgins (1848) 1 HL Cas 381

Henthorn v Fraser [1892] 2 Ch. 27

Household Fire Insurance v Grant (1879) 4 Ex D 216

Holwell Securities v Hughes [1974] 1 WLR 155

Fault

Entores v Miles Far East Co [1955] 2 QB 327 Important

Brinkibon v Stahlag Steel [1983] 2 AC 34 Important

Gibbons v Proctor (1891) 64 LT 594

Felthouse v Bindley (1862) 11 CB (NS) 869, 142 ER 1037

Acceptance in Unilateral Contracts

Errington v Errington [1952] 1 KB 290

Soulsbury v Soulsbury [2007] EWCA Civ 969

Daulia v Four Millbank Nominees Ltd [1978] Ch. 231

Termination of Offer

Dickinson v Dodds (1876) 2 Ch. D 463

Byrne v Van Tienhoven (1880) 5 C.P.D 344

Stevenson v Maclean [1880] 5 QBD 346

Bradbury v Morgan (1862) 1 H. & C. 249

Routledge v Grant (1828) 4 Bing 653; 130 ER 920

Intention to Create Legal Relations

Balfour v Balfour [1919] 2 KB 571

Jones v Padavatton [1969] 1 WLR 325

Esso Petroleum v Commissioners of Custom & Excise [1976] 1 WLR 1

Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Malysian Mining Corp [1989] 1 All ER 785

RTS Flexible Systems Ltd v Molkerei Alois Muller GMBH [2010] UKSC 14

Radmacher v Granatino [2010] UKSC 42

Blue v Ashley [2017] EWHC 1928 (Comm)

Rose & Frank Co v JR Crompton & Bros Ltd [1925] AC 445

“Subject to Contract” Clauses

Branca v Cobarro [1947] KB 854

Masters v Cameron (1954) 91 CLR 353

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